The evidence base for Body Psychotherapy

A. Articles Reviewing Body-Psychotherapy Research 

(1) May, John (2005). The Outcome of Body Psychotherapy Research. USABP Journal Vol 4, No 2, pp 93-115.

(2) Loew, T.H., Tritt, K., Lahmann, C. & Röhricht, F. (2006). Körperpsychotherapien – wissenschaftlich begründet? Eine Übersicht über empirisch evaluierte Körperpsychotherapieverfahren. [Body Psychotherapy– scientifically proved? An overview of empirically evaluated body oriented psychological therapies.] Psychodynamische Psychotherapie, 5, 6-19.

(3) Röhricht, Frank (2009). Body oriented psychotherapy. The state of the art in empirical research and evidence-based practice: A clinical perspective. Journal of Body, Movement & Dance in Psychotherapy, Vol. 4, No. 2, pp 135-156 (Please contact the Journal; link to website: www.frankrohricht.com)

B. Journal Articles (peer-reviewed) on Body-Psychotherapy Outcome (efficacy and effectiveness) Research Projects

1) Berg, AL., Sandell, R. & Sandahi, C. (2009). Affect-focused Body Psychotherapy in patients with generalised anxiety disorder: Evaluation of an integrative method. Journal of Psychotherapy Integration, 19, 67-85. 
(click here for full abstract) 

2) Gudat, U. (1997). Bioenergetische Analyse als ambulante Psychotherapie – Anwendungsbereiche und Wirkungen [Bioenergetic Analysis as an outpatient psychotherapy – Applications and effects.]. Psychotherapie Forum, 5, 28-37.

3) Koemeda-Lutz M., Kaschke, M., Revenstorf, D., Schermann, T., Weiss, H. & Soeder, U. (2006). Evaluation der Wirksamkeit von ambulanten Körperpsychotherapien – EWAK. Eine Multizenterstudie in Deutschland und der Schweiz [Evaluation of the efficacy of outpatient psychotherapies body – EWAK. A multicenter study in Germany and Switzerland]. Psychotherapie Psychosomatik medizinische Psychologie, 56, 1-8.
 (Click here for full text in German, with English abstract, as PDF download) 

4) Lahmann, C., Nickel, M., Schuster, T., Sauer, N., Ronel, J., Noll-Hussong, M., Nickel, M., Tritt, K., Nowak, D., Röhricht, F. & Loew, TH. (2009). Functional Relaxation and Hypnotherapeutic Intervention as Complementary Therapy in Asthma: a randomized, controlled clinical trial.Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 78, 233-239.

5) Lahmann, C., Röhricht, F., Sauer, N., Ronel, J., Noll-Hussong, M., Henrich, G., Nickel, M., Tritt, K. & Loew, TH. (2010). Functional relaxation as complementary therapy in irritable bowel syndrome: a randomized, controlled clinical trial. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 16, 1, 47-52.

6) Loew, T.H., Siegfried, W., Martus, P., Tritt, K. & Hahn, E.G. (1996). Functional Relaxation Reduces Acute Airway Obstruction in Asthmatics as Effectively as Inhaled Terbutaline. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 65, 124-128.

7) Loew, T.H., Sohn, R., Martus, P., Tritt, K. & Rechlin, T. (2000). Functional relaxation as a somatopsychotherapeutic intervention: a prospective controlled study. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 6, 70-75.

8) Loew, T.H., Tritt, K., Siegfried, W., Bohmann, H., Martus, P. & Hahn, E.G. (2001). Efficiacy of ‘functional relaxation’ in comparison to terbutalin and a ‘placebo relaxation’ method in patients with acute asthma. A randomised, prospective, controlled, crossover experimental investigation. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 70, 151-157.

9) Muller-Hofer, B., Geiser, C., Juchli, E. & Laireiter, A.R. (2003). Client-centered body psychotherapy (GFK): An effectiveness study. Psychotherapie Forum, 11, 80-91.

10) Nickel, M., Cangoez, B., Bachler, E., Muehlbacher, M., Lojewski, N., Mueller-Rabe, N., Mitterlehner, F., Egger, C., Leiberich, P., Rother, N., Buschmann, W., Kettler, C., Gil, F., Lahmann, C., Fartacek, R., Rother, W., Loew T.H. & Nickel, C. (2006). Bioenergetic exercises in inpatient treatment of Turkish immigrants with chronic somatoform disorders: A randomized, controlled study. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 61, 507-513.

11) Röhricht, F. & Priebe, S. (2006). Effect of body oriented psychological therapy on negative symptoms in schizophrenia: a randomised controlled trial. Psychological Medicine, 36, 669-678.

12) Röhricht, F., Papadopoulos, N., Holden, S., Clarke, T. & Priebe, S. (2011). Clinical effectiveness and therapeutic processes of body psychotherapy in chronic schizophrenia – an open clinical trial. Arts in Psychotherapy 38, 196-203

13) Röhricht, F. (2013). Body-Oriented Psychotherapy – the State of the Art in Empirical Research and Evidence Based Practice: a Clinical Perspective.

14) Röhricht, F., Papadopoulos, N. & Priebe, S. (2013). An exploratory randomized controlled trial of body psychotherapy for patients with chronic depression.

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C. Journal Articles (peer-reviewed) on other Body-Oriented Therapy Research Projects (mainly dance-movement and movement (psycho)therapy

1) Alexandridis, K., Schüle, K., Ehrig, C. & Fichter, M. (2007). Bewegungstherapie bei Bulimia nervosa [Movement therapy for Bulimia Nervosa]. Bewegungstherapie und Gesundheitssport, 23, 46-51.

2) Allmer, C., Ventegodt, S., Kandel, I. & Merrick, J. (2009). Positive effects, side effects, and adverse events of clinical holistic medicine. A review of Gerda Boyesen’s nonpharmaceutical mind-body medicine (biodynamic body-psychotherapy) at two centers in the United Kingdom and Germany. International Journal Adolescent Medical Health, 21, 281-97.

3) Aposhyan, S. (2004). Body Mind Psychotherapy: Principles, Techniques & Practical Applications. New York & London: W.W. Norton & Co.

4) Berrol, C., Ooi, W. L. & Katz, S. (1997). Dance/movement therapy with older adults have sustained neurological insult: A demonstration project. American Journal of Dance Therapy, 19, 135-160.

5) Bräuniger, I. (2006). Treatment modalities and self-expectancy of therapists: Modes, self-efficacy and imagination of clients in dance movement therapy. Body, Movement and Dance in Psychotherapy, 1, 95-114.

6) Bräuninger, I. (2006). Tanztherapie [Dance therapy]. Weinheim, Germany: Beltz PVU.

7) Brenner, J., Peleg, I., Shimonov, M., Shwartz, D.K., Ravinda, O., & Ben Shahar, A.R. (2010). Effectiveness of Body Mind Therapy of Cancer Patients receiving chemical treatment. International Journal of Psychotherapy, Vol. 14, No. 2, 49-66.

8) Brooks, D. & Stark, A. (1989). The effect of Dance/Movement therapy on affect: a pilot study. American Journal of Dance Therapy, 11, 101-11.

9) Dibbell-Hope, S. (2000). The use of dance/movement therapy in psychological adaptation to breast cancer. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 27, 51-68.

10) Dosamantes, E. (1990). Movement and psychodynamic pattern changes in long-term dance/movement therapy groups. American Journal of Dance Therapy, 12, 27-44.

11) Dosamantes-Alperson, E. & Merrill, N. (1980). Growth effects of experiential movement psychotherapy. Psychotherapy Theory, Research, and Practice, 17, 63-68.

12) Fernandez, F., Turon, J., Siegfried, J., Meerman, R. & Vallejo, J. (1995). Does additional body therapy improve the treatment of anorexia nervosa? A comparison of two approaches. Eating Disorders: The Journal of Treatment, 3, 158-164.

13) Goertzel, V., May, P.R.A., Salkin, J. & Schoop, T. (1965). Body-ego technique: An approach to the schizophrenic patient. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 141, 53–60.

14) Gottschalk, G. & Boekholt, C. (2004). Body-therapeutic work with borderline patients. PTT: Personlichkeitsstorungen Theorie und Therapie, 8, 154-160.

15) Hammill, M., Bone, L. & Röhricht, F. (2011). Dancing down memory lane’: Circle Dancing as a Psychotherapeutic intervention in Dementia – A pilot study. Dementia: The International Journal of Social Research and Practice, September 13, online first publication.

16) Heimbeck, A. & Süttinger, B. (2007). Bewegungstherapie bei depressiven Patienten – ein Interventionsvergleich [Movement therapy in depressed patients – a comparison intervention].  Bewegungstherapie und Gesundheitssport, 23, 52-57.

17) Ho, R.T.H. (2005). Effects of dance movement therapy on Chinese cancer patients: A pilot study in Hong Kong. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 32, 337-345.

18) Koch, S.C., Morlinghaus, K. & Fuchs, T. (2007). The joy dance. Specific effects of a single dance intervention on psychiatric patients with depression. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 34, 340-349.

19) Konzag, TA., Klose, S., Bandemer-Greulich, U., Fikentscher, E. & Bahrke, U. (2006). [Stationary body-related psychotherapy in anorexia and bulimia nervosa.] Stationäre körperbezogene Psychotherapie bei Anorexia und Bulimia nervosa. Psychotherapeut, 51, 35-42.

20) Kuettel, T.J. (1982). Affective change in dance therapy. American Journal of Dance Therapy, 5, 52-64.

21) Langmuir, J.I., Kirsh, S.G. & Classen, C.C. (2011). A pilot study of body-oriented group psychotherapy: Adapting sensorimotor psychotherapy for the group treatment of trauma. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice, and Policy, Sep 19, (online first publication).

22) Lausberg, H. (1998). Does movement behaviour have differential diagnostic potential? Discussion of a controlled study on patients with anorexia nervosa and bulimia. American Journal of Dance Therapy, 20, 85-99.

23) Lausberg, H., von Wietersheim, J. & Feiereis, H. (1996). Movement behaviour of patients with eating disorders and inflammatory bowel disease: a controlled study. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 65, 272-276.

24) Mannheim, E.G. & Weis, J. (2005). Tanztherapie mit Krebspatienten. Ergebnisse einer Pilotstudie [Dance therapy with cancer patients. Results of a pilot study.]  Musik-, Tanz- und Kunsttherapie, 16, 121-128.

25) Mattsson, M., Wikman, M., Dahlgren, L., Mattsson, B. & Armelius, K. (1998). Body awareness therapy with sexually abused women. Part 2: Evaluation of body awareness in a group setting. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 2, 38-45.

26) May, P.R.A., Wexler, M., Salkin, J. & Schoop, T. (1963). Non-verbal techniques in the re-establishment of body image and self identity – a preliminary report. Research Report, 16, 68-82.

27) Mczkowiak, S., Hölter, G. & Otten, H. (2007). WATSU – Zur Wirksamkeit unterschiedlich akzentuierter bewegungstherapeutischer Interventionen bei klinisch depressiven Patienten. [Watsu – On the effectiveness of different therapeutic interventions accentuated movement in clinically depressed patients]. Bewegungstherapie und Gesundheitssport, 23, 58-64.

28) Monsen, K. & Monsen, J.T. (2000). Chronic pain and psychodynamic body therapy: A controlled outcome study. Psychotherapy: Theory Research Practice Training, 37, 257-269.

29) Nitsun, M., Stapleton, J.H. & Bender, MP. (1974). Movement and drama therapy with long-stay schizophrenics. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 47, 101-19.

30) Payne, H. (2009). Pilot study: Body-mind approach (group work) for patients with medically unexplained symptoms: Participant and facilitator perceptions and a summary discussion. Body, Movement & Dance in Psychotherapy, 4, 2, 77-96.

31) Price, C. (2005). Body-oriented therapy in recovery from child sexual abuse: an efficacy study. Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, 11, 46-57.

32) Price, C. (2006). Body-oriented therapy in sexual abuse recovery: A pilot-test comparison. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies, 10, 58-64.

33) Price, C.J., McBride, B., Hyerle, L. & Kivlahan, D.R. (2007). Mindful awareness in body-oriented therapy for female veterans with post-traumatic stress disorder taking prescription analgesics for chronic pain: a feasibility study. Alternative Therapies in Health & Medicine, 13, 32-40.

34) Ritter, M. & Low, K.G. (1996). Effects of dance/movement therapy: A meta-analysis. Arts in Psychotherapy, 23, 249-260.

35) Sack, M., Henniger, S. & Lamprecht, F. (2002). Änderungen von Körperbild und Körperwahrnehmung in Essen-Störung und nicht essen-Erkrankung Patienten nach stationärer Therapie. [Changes of body image and body awareness in eating-disorder and non eating-disorder patients after inpatient-therapy]. Psychotherapie Psychosomatik Medizinische Psychologie, 52, 64-69

36) Sandel, S., Judge, J., Landry, N., Faria, L., Ouellette, R. & Majczak, M. (2005). Dance and movement program improves quality-of-life measures in breast cancer survivors. Cancer Nursing, 28, 301-309.

37) Schreiber-Willnow, K. & Seidler, K.P. (2002). Ist körperorientierte Psychotherapie eine weibliche Rolle? Eine klinische Prozess-Ergebnis-Studie der konzentrativen Bewegungstherapie. [Is Body-Oriented Psychotherapy a female matter? A clinical process-outcome-study of concentrative movement therapy]. Psychotherapie Psychosomatik Medizinische Psychologie, 52, 343-347.

38) Schreiber-Willnow, K. & Seidler, K.P. (2005). Langfristige Stabilität der außerkörperlichen Erfahrung nach in-Patientengruppe Psychotherapie mit konzentrativen Bewegungstherapie [Long-term stability of body experience after in-patient group psychotherapy with concentrative movement therapy]. Psychotherapie Psychosomatik Medizinische Psychologie, 55, 370-377.

39) Seidler, K.P. & Schreiber-Willnow, K. (2004). Concentrative movement therapy as body-oriented psychotherapy for inpatients with different body experience. Psychotherapy Research, 14, 378-387.

40) Stewart, N.J., McMullen, L.M. & Rubin, L.D. (2004). Movement therapy with depressed inpatients: A randomized multiple single case design. Archives of Psychiatric Nursing, 8, 22-29.

41) Staples, J.K., Abdel Atti, J.A. & Gordon, J.S. (2011). Mind-body skills groups for posttraumatic stress disorder and depression symptoms in Palestinian children and adolescents in Gaza. International Journal of Stress Management, 18, 246-262.

42) Ventling, C.D. & Gerhard, U. (2000). Zur Wirksamkeit bioenergetischer Psychotherapien und Stabilität des Therapieresultats [On the effectiveness and stability of the Bioenergetic psychotherapy treatment result]. Psychotherapeut, 45, 230-236.

43) Ventling, C.D. (2002). Efficacy of Bioenergetic therapies and stability of the therapeutic result: a retrospective investigation. USA Body Psychotherapy Journal, 2, 5-28.

44) Weber, C., Haltenhof, H., Combecher, J. & Blankenburg, W. (1994). Bewegungstherapie bei Patienten mit psychischen Störungen: Eine Verlaufsstudie [Exercise therapy in patients with mental disorders: A follow-up study]. In: Lamprecht, F. & Johnen, R. (eds). Salutogenese: ein neues Konzept in der Psychosomatik? [Salutogenesis: a new concept in psychosomatic medicine?] Frankfurt a.M.: Verlag für Akademische Schriften, 536-543.

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D. Body Psychotherapy Research Articles – published in USABP Journal (See IBPJ Archive)

1) Koemeda-Lutz, M., Kaschke, M., Revenstorf, D., Scherrmann, T., Weiss, H. and Soeder, U. (2004). Preliminary Results Concerning the Effectiveness of Body Psychotherapies in Outpatient Settings – A Multi-Center Study in Germany and Switzerland. (2004) USABP Journal, Vol. 4, No. 2. pp. 13-32  (see also 4a above)  

2) Pettinati, Pamela: (2002). The Relative Efficacy of Various Complementary Modalities in the Lives of Patients With Chronic Pain: A Pilot Study. USABP Journal Vol 1, No. 1, pp. 6-15 

3) Radandt, Douglas: (2002). Therapist’s Body Awareness and Strength of the Therapeutic Alliance. USABP Journal, Vol. 1, No. 2. pp. 52-62

4) Ventling, C.D.: (2002). Efficacy of Bioenergetic Therapies and Stability of the Therapeutic Result: A Retrospective Investigation. USABP Journal, Vol. 1, No. 2. pp. 5-28 

5) Ventling, C.D., Bertschi, H., and Gerhard, U. (2008). Efficacy of Bioenergetic Psychotherapy with Patients of known ICD-10 Diagnosis: A Retrospective Evaluation. USABP Journal, Vol. 7,No. 2. pp.

E. Abstracts and Results of other B-P Research Projects

(1) Efficacy and Stability of Bioenergetic Therapies: a Retrospective Investigation by Christa Ventling and Urs Gerhard 

(2) Energiearbeitsgruppe des EABP- CH: Der Energiebegriff in der Körperpsychotherapie by Jules Zwimper & others. 

(3) Radix Research: collected by John May: 3 abstracts

(4) Agnè Matulaitè’s doctoral thesis from the University of Vilnius in Lithuania, ‘Your body just goes bananas’: Embodied experience of pregnancy.

EABP  Bibliography of Body-Psychotherapy On-Line

Search the new on-line version of the EABP Bibliography of Body-Psychotherapy, a database with over 4,000 listings of various types of Body-Psychotherapy publications: Just type ‘Research’ (or any other key word) into the ‘Search’ box. There are listings for: Chapters & Books, Journal articles, Conference reports, Theses & dissertations, Film/tapes/video, and Websites. You can also add new entries. Please do so.